February 28, 2013 Leave a Comment
January 17, 2013 Leave a Comment
I would like to believe that most somewhat sane/consciously-aware individuals will agree with me when I say that cannabis is essentially harmless, if not very beneficial for your overall health and well-being. Denial of this fact is simply a matter of ignorance and closed minded-ness, something a lot of us struggle with on a daily basis.
If you don’t agree with me that marijuana is beneficial and harmless to the human body, you probably have not done enough research yet, or you might have researched false information. I won’t go into specific details in this post but the information is out there and available for you, free of charge. Just make sure where you look is a reputable source. Just because the source is “mainstream” shouldn’t by any means automatically make it credible. Credibility is essentially up for you to decide.
You can start with: The 10 Major Health Benefits of Marijuana
Below is an infographic that deals with why most average people think cannabis is illegal, and the true reasoning behind cannabis actually being illegal. Have a look for yourself: (left-click for larger image) Read more of this post
September 13, 2012 1 Comment
I agree 100% with Mr. Rogan here. Imagine a suicide bomber smoking a joint before getting in the plane? He would change his mind immediately. “Dude, this shit is crazy. What the fuck am I doing? This is going to hurt! Why the hell am I killing innocent people?”
This standup is great.
July 5, 2012 1 Comment
Have you ever wondered how economical weed is in your city? Academics from the website Floating Sheep put together a heat map of prices from reviews on priceofweed.com, a site where people anonymously report their location and how much they paid for weed. You might be quite surprised at how little, and how much people pay for weed in certain geographical locations in the United States. Read more of this post
February 29, 2012 2 Comments
Connecticut’s decriminalization of marijuana, which allows police departments to issue fines rather than arrests, has been in effect since July 1. The courts are already dealing with less of a case load due to the new law.
According to the Connecticut Post, there were 4,774 marijuana arrests from July 1-Dec. 1, 2010 for possession of marijuana less than four ounces. With the new law, there have been 1,127 arrests in that same period in 2011. There were nearly 2,000 tickets issued
Under the old law, possession of less than four ounces or drug paraphernalia containing marijuana residue was a misdemeanor punishable by a year in jail and a $1,000 fine. Possession of more than four ounces is a felony with more serious penalties.
According to the article, it’s possible officers are letting people off with a warning rather than issuing a ticket.
The decriminalization law, Public Act 11-71, reduced the penalty for possession of one-half ounce or less to a $150 fine, to a $200 to $500 fine for the second offense, and the higher fine plus referral to a drug awareness program for the third offense.
Anyone under age 21 also faces a 60-day driver’s license suspension. Penalties for possession of more than one-half ounce remain the same as before.
January 31, 2012 1 Comment
Rapper Freddie Gibbs claims he allegedly found a “Notice of Baggage Inspection” from the Transportation Security Administration in his suitcase, which held his fully intact bag of weed, that read “C’mon Son”
Freddie Gibbs, who recently formed the hip hop group P.O.C. (Pulled Over by the Cops) with a couple guys from The Cool Kids, tweeted the picture. “The TSA found my weed and let me keep it. They just left me a note. ‘C’mon Son’. Lol.”
Freddie’s claim does raise a few eyebrows, so what do you think of Gibbs’ tweet? Real or fake?
January 20, 2012 1 Comment
[This post is excerpted from this week's forthcoming NORML weekly media advisory.]
Physicians who prescribe opioid drugs to patients with neuropathy (nerve pain) ought to consider recommending cannabis as an alternative therapy, according to a peer-reviewed paper published online this week in the Harm Reduction Journal.
“There is sufficient evidence of safety and efficacy for the use of (cannabis/cannabinoids) in the treatment of nerve pain relative to opioids,” the commentary states. “In states where medicinal cannabis is legal, physicians who treat neuropathic pain with opioids should evaluate their patients for a trial of cannabis and prescribe it when appropriate prior to using opioids. … Prescribing cannabis in place of opioids for neuropathic pain may reduce the morbidity and mortality rates associated with prescription pain medications and may be an effective harm reduction strategy.”
The author notes that between the years 1999 and 2006, “approximately 65,000 people died from opioid analgesic overdose.” By contrast, he writes “[N]o one has ever died from an overdose of cannabis.”
In November, clinical investigators at the University of California, San Francisco reported that vaporized cannabis augments the analgesic effects of opiates in subjects prescribed morphine or oxycodone. Authors of the study surmised that cannabis-specific interventions “may allow for opioid treatment at lower doses with fewer [patient] side effects.”
Neuropathy affects between five percent and 10 percent of the US population. The condition is often unresponsive to conventional analgesic medications such as opiates and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Full Text Of The Paper By Mike Cullen:
Neuropathic pain affects between 5% and 10% of the US population and can be refractory to treatment. Opioids may be recommended as a second-line pharmacotherapy but have risks including overdose and death. Cannabis has been shown to be effective for treating nerve pain without the risk of fatal poisoning. The author suggests that physicians who treat neuropathic pain with opioids should evaluate their patients for a trial of cannabis and prescribe it when appropriate prior to using opioids. This harm reduction strategy may reduce the morbidity and mortality rates associated with prescription pain medications.
Keywords: cannabis, cannabinoids, opioids, neuropathic pain, chronic pain, harm reduction, ethics
Neuropathic pain (NP) is defined as pain caused by a lesion or disease of the central or peripheral somatosensory nervous system. NP affects between 5% and 10% of the US population and examples include diabetic neuropathy, complex regional pain syndrome, radiculopathy, phantom limb pain, HIV sensory neuropathy, multiple sclerosis-related pain, and poststroke pain. Neuropathic pain is difficult to treat and opioid analgesics are often prescribed. Recent science has demonstrated efficacy in treating NP with cannabis, a safer drug than opioids. This paper suggests that physicians who treat neuropathic pain should prescribe cannabis prior to using opioids as a harm reduction (HR) strategy. Topics covered include how harm reduction applies to prescription opioid substitution, the legality of medicinal cannabis, a comparison of cannabis to opioids, the science on treating NP with cannabis and cannabinoids, and the ethics of prescribing a drug which is deemed illegal on the federal but not the state level.
Medicine relies upon the principle of, “First, do no harm,” and one might supplement the axiom to read – “First, do no harm, and second, reduce all the harm you can.” “Harm reduction” or “harm minimization” can be defined in the broadest sense as strategies designed to reduce risk or harm. Those harmed may include the individual, others impacted by the harmed person, and society. The substitution of a safer drug for one that is more dangerous is considered harm reduction. Specific examples of HR include prescribing methadone or buprenorphine to replace heroin, prescribing nicotine patches to be used instead of smoking tobacco, and prescribing intranasal naloxone to patients on opioid therapy to be utilized in case of overdose. Substituting cannabis for prescribed opioids may be considered a harm reduction strategy.
Under the Federal Controlled Substance Act “marihuana” is illegal and classified as a schedule I substance – meaning it has a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. However, sixteen states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for medicinal use and these include Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington. Each state law differs but all allow physicians to “authorize” or “recommend” cannabis for specific ailments. This “recommendation” affords legal protections for patients to obtain and use medicinal cannabis, and may be considered the “prescription.”
Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) and the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) are both ancient plants that have been used medicinally for thousands of years. The natural and synthetic derivatives of opium, including morphine, are called “opioids.” “Cannabinoids” is the term for a class of compounds within cannabis of which delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most familiar. Besides THC, approximately 100 other cannabinoids have been identified including one of special scientific interest called “cannabidiol” (CBD). The human body produces both endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) and opioids (endorphins) and contains specific receptors for these substances. There is an extensive literature on opioids but far less on cannabis/cannabinoids (CC).
Adverse effects from opioids include respiratory depression, sedation, sleep disturbance, cognitive and psychomotor impairment, delirium, hallucinations, seizures, hyperalgesia, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. Adverse events from cannabis/cannabinoids
include psychotic episodes, anxiety or panic reactions, memory impairment, reduced concentration, disorientation, lowered blood pressure and increased heart rate. In a systematic review Wang and colleagues found most adverse events for short- term cannabis use were not serious, and there was a lack of evidence to determine adverse effects for long-term use. Opioids and cannabis share issues of addiction, physical dependence, tolerance and withdrawal.
Between 1999 and 2006 approximately 65,000 people died from opioid analgesic overdose. Regarding fatal overdose from cannabis, Carter and colleagues write, “… this well documented fact: no one has ever died from an overdose of cannabis.” In addition, there is insufficient data to demonstrate smoking cannabis causes lung cancer but long-term use is associated with an increased risk of respiratory problems. Although, eating cannabis avoids the respiratory issues. In 2001 the total cost of prescription opioid abuse was estimated at $8.6 billion. Unfortunately, there are no comprehensive studies on the total cost of cannabis abuse. However, enforcing the prohibition on cannabis costs an estimated $7.7 billion per year. Since the federal and most state governments view any use of cannabis as abuse – including medicinal use – one might include this cost. According to a report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration between 1999 and 2009 admissions for treatment of nonheroin opioid abuse increased approximately 516% while admissions for cannabis saw a 53% rise.
Nerve pain can be refractory to treatment and opioids are often used as a second-line therapy while antidepressants and anticonvulsants are commonly used first. Moreover, opioids may provide only limited pain relief and as Henry McQuay writes, “…you may be able to decrease neuropathic pain with strong opioids, but the decrease is often slight and is achieved with an adverse effect burden that will not be tolerable over weeks to months.” Cannabis and cannabinoid research is in its relative infancy and many studies are of short duration and with small sample sizes. However, a number of review articles suggest that treating neuropathic pain with cannabis/cannabinoids is efficacious and with moderate adverse effects. The most thorough of the systematic reviews was of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CC therapy which looked at nine studies whose focus was on treating different types of neuropathic pain with either smoked cannabis, a synthetic cannabinoid similar to THC, or a whole plant extract of THC and CBD in a 1:1 ratio. CBD may moderate the psychoactive effect of THC and have analgesic properties. Seven of the nine studies demonstrated efficacy for using CC for neuropathic pain while two had mixed results, and eight of the nine studies found no serious adverse events.
A closer look at the four RCTs which evaluated smoked cannabis for neuropathic pain reveals some common and contrasting elements. Two of the studies, Ware et al. and Wilsey et al., examined cannabis in treating a variety of NP conditions; while the other two, Ellis et al. and Abrams et al., explored the effects of cannabis on HIV-related neuropathic pain. Both Wilsey et al. and Abrams et al. required participants to have previously used cannabis in order to reduce the risk of adverse reactions from psychoactive effects. The RCTs used cannabis with a variety of THC strengths ranging from 0% for placebo to 9.4% in Ware et al. Each study
required participants to continue taking their regular medications during the cannabis trials and all found a significant decrease in pain compared to placebo. In addition, adverse events were tolerable for the vast majority of participants.
Commentators have suggested that patients should use whole plant cannabis, as opposed to chemical derivatives, because of other potentially beneficial compounds. In addition, a number of articles have reported on interactions between cannabinoid and opioid receptors which may result in enhanced analgesia and a synergistic effect when CC is added to opioids. This may translate into patients being able to reduce their opioid intake with adjuvant cannabinoid therapy.
Although prescribing cannabis is legal in 16 states and the District of Columbia, it remains illegal at the federal level. Portions of the American Medical Association’s Code of Medical Ethics, Opinion 1.02 – The Relation of Law and Ethics reads, “Ethical values and legal principles are usually closely related, but ethical obligations typically exceed legal duties. In some cases, the law mandates unethical conduct.” “In exceptional circumstances of unjust laws, ethical responsibilities should supersede legal obligations.”An “exceptional circumstance of unjust laws” may be interpreted as the federal ban on cannabis for medical use. Sixteen states and the District of Columbia found the federal government’s prohibition on prescribing and using medicinal cannabis so unjust as to create laws in direct violation of federal statute. Therefore, one could surmise that prescribing cannabis for the purpose of harm reduction is ethical even though it violates federal law. In addition, Hayry suggests that the idea of “freedom” also provides an ethical reason for prescribing cannabis and he writes, “… whatever the legal situation, respect for the freedom of the individual would imply that requests like this (for medicinal cannabis) should be granted, either by health professionals, or by society as a whole.
In states where medicinal cannabis is legal, physicians who treat neuropathic pain with opioids should evaluate their patients for a trial of cannabis and prescribe it when appropriate prior to using opioids. There is sufficient evidence of safety and efficacy for the use of CC in the treatment of nerve pain relative to opioids and as Carter et al write, “From a pharmacological prospective, cannabinoids are considerably safer than opioids…”Prescribing cannabis in place of opioids for neuropathic pain may reduce the morbidity and mortality rates associated with prescription pain medications and may be an effective harm reduction strategy.
January 6, 2012 8 Comments
I have been wanting to do this post for a while and share what I use to do some of my writing and blog posts.
Here are my top 5 tools and instruments for writing!
Music is an absolute must when I am writing.
I need to have something to have my mind flowing and in a positive state. This is easily achieved through putting on my Bose AE-2 headphones on full volume and tuning out of the outside world. It gives my mind a chance to go completely nuts and spit out anything that I have stored in the back of it.
The type of music doesn’t matter.
What matters is that you enjoy the music and it is putting you in a good mood. When I am in a good positive mood and writing, it doesn’t feel like I am writing, it is more a flow state of my fingers hitting the keys and words being produced in a well structured fashion.
If you don’t feel like that when you are writing, you are not writing in a state of your full potential.
Blast some music and just have at it. Don’t expect anything.
I need some stimulation to get all of my thoughts out quick and easy.
Coffee is a big help due to the caffeine contained in coffee.
I choose coffee because I like the taste and the hot temperature tends to wake my brain up.
Caffeine releases dopamine in your brain which gives you more motivation, focus and drive.
I take a lot of other supplements as well.
For my full list read: The Ultimate Supplement Stack.
Meditating right before I write lets me explore every single angle of what I am about to write about.
It is a great feedback method and a way to formulate my thoughts before I sit down to pound them out.
I have a lot of articles written on meditation if you would like to explore the amazing practice:
The ultimate creativity tool.
If you have any objection to pot, and you believe it is a harmful substance, you have been misinformed and lied to.
It simply isn’t.
I am not going to lie, a majority of this site and my writing was created and written while under the influence of marijuana.
I guess it makes me lazy and not want to do anything…
I even work out on pot.
Paranoia? It’s an illusion. Check out this video.
Probably one of the best supplements I take.
Alpha Brain is a nootropic which basically means it is a brain enhancing supplement full of great vitamins and minerals
For a full review of this product, please visit Onnit.com and if you are interested in ordering, use keyword “ZENLIFE” when completing you purchase to receive 10% off your entire order!
I am not going to lie, we receive commission from your orders, but all proceeds go towards web hosting, web storage, web design and overall site maintenance.
I hope you try some of my tools and ideas out and give writing a shot if you aren’t already interested in it.
It is a great way to release your thoughts, express yourself, and share what you have to say with the world.
I am going to keep doing it, and I encourage you to as well!
January 1, 2012 9 Comments
The Universal Mathematics(UM) started off as a thought in my mind and manifested itself into existence. I’m not going to lie, marijuana & LSD played a very big role in the creation of the UM. I love chilling out and smoking a joint or two with some of my buddies, who doesn’t?
Meditation was also a big factor in creating UM. When I would smoke, the ideas would come to me, and when I would meditate the vision would become clearer and clearer.
Universal Mathematics: Everything in existence has a definite answer.
Everything can eventually be explained.
As we advance through time the answers to the universe will be unlocked by human brain power. Now, I also believe that there are some things that the human brain cannot understand because of the fact that it is just a human mind. Who’s to say there aren’t different levels of consciousness unable to be reached by humans? Maybe some different life form 500 billion light years away is living a crazier, weirder, life than we are living.
So, simply put, Universal Mathematics is not a theory, it simply just is. Any question based on truth will have a definite answer. It’s oneness. Oneness meaning that everything and anything in the universe is connected in one way or another. It’s beautiful when you think about it really…
Anyway, One of my best friends, who you know as DIESEL, at the time was working on his own poker strategy blog and deep into spirituality while away at school. We would always talk to one another about our ideas and visions we had for those ideas. I guess you can say we are visionaries. Diesel and I actually created an older blog called UniversalMathematics.com on Blogspot in the summer of 2011. We were dedicated and very into it but, we never really had an audience there. Diesel quickly figured out that WordPress is the place to be to start up a blog site. So now we’re here with a great team of interesting, dedicated writers and I can’t wait to see where this thing goes. I don’t know where we will end up, but I can promise you that everything on this site comes from dedication, hard work, and the heart. We’re here to gain and spread truth.
Through Higher Consciousness we will obtain and spread universal peace, love, and happiness everywhere and to all life forms throughout the universe.
January 1, 2012 10 Comments
1. Carl Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer and science communicator in astronomy and natural sciences. Oh, and he was a confirmed and admitted stoner.
He published more than 600 scientific papersand articles and was author, co-author or editor of more than 20 books. He advocated scientifically skeptical inquiry and the scientific method, pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI).
Sagan played a leading role in the American space program since its inception. He was a consultant and adviser to NASA beginning in the 1950s, he briefed the Apollo astronauts before their flights to the Moon, and was an experimenter on the Mariner, Viking, Voyager, and Galileo expeditions to the planets. He helped solve the mysteries of the high temperature of Venus (a massive greenhouse effect), the seasonal changes on Mars (windblown dust) and the reddish haze of Titan (complex organic molecules).
Sagan is known for his popular science books and for the award-winning 1980 television series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, which he narrated and co-wrote. The book Cosmos was published to accompany the series. Sagan wrote the novel Contact, the basis for a 1997 film of the same name.
Asteroid 2709 Sagan is named after him. He was also given the John F. Kennedy Astronautics Award of the American Astronautical Society, the Explorers Club 75th Anniversary Award, the Konstantin Tsiolokovsky Medal of the Soviet Cosmonautics Federation, and the Masursky Award of the American Astronomical Society.
Other Notable Awards:
“Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known.” – Carl Sagan
2. Terence McKenna (November 16, 1946 – April 3, 2000) was an American philosopher, psychonaut, researcher, teacher, lecturer and writer on many subjects, such as human consciousness, language, psychedelic drugs, the evolution of civilizations, the origin and end of the universe, alchemy, and extraterrestrial beings.
In 1969, McKenna traveled to Nepal led by his “interest in Tibetan painting and hallucinogenic shamanism.” During his time there, he studied the Tibetan language and worked as a hashish smuggler, until “one of his Bombay-to-Aspen shipments fell into the hands of U. S. Customs.” He was forced to move to avoid capture by Interpol. He wandered through Southeast Asia viewing ruins, collected butterflies in Indonesia, and worked as an English teacher in Tokyo. He then went back to Berkeley to continue studying biology, which he called “his first love”
McKenna, his brother Dennis, and three friends traveled to the Colombian Amazon in search of oo-koo-hé, a plant preparation containing Dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Instead of oo-koo-hé they found various forms of ayahuasca, or yagé, and gigantic psilocybe cubensis which became the new focus of the expedition. In La Chorrera, at the urging of his brother, he was the subject of a psychedelic experiment which he claimed put him in contact with “Logos“: an informative, divine voice he believed was universal to visionary religious experience.The voice’s reputed revelations and his brother’s simultaneous peculiar experience prompted him to explore the structure of an early form of the I Ching, which led to his “Novelty Theory”.
Terence McKenna advocated the exploration of altered states of mind via the ingestion of naturally occurring psychedelic substances. For example, and in particular, as facilitated by the ingestion of high doses of psychedelic mushrooms, and DMT, which he believed was the apotheosis of the psychedelic experience. He spoke of the “jeweled, self-dribbling basketballs” or “self-transforming machine elves” that one encounters in that state.
Although he avoided giving his allegiance to any one interpretation (part of his rejection of monotheism), he was open to the idea of psychedelics as being “trans-dimensional travel”; literally, enabling an individual to encounter what could be ancestors, or spirits of earth. He remained opposed to most forms of organized religion or guru-based forms of spiritual awakening.
Either philosophically or religiously, he expressed admiration for Marshall McLuhan, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Gnostic Christianity, Alfred North Whitehead and Alchemy. McKenna always regarded the Greek philosopher Heraclitus as his favorite philosopher.
He also expressed admiration for the works of James Joyce (calling Finnegans Wake “the quintessential work of art, or at least work of literature of the 20th century”)and Vladimir Nabokov: McKenna once said that he would have become a Nabokov lecturer if he had never encountered psychedelics.
“Stoned Ape” theory of human evolution
In his book Food of the Gods,McKenna proposed that the transformation from humans’ early ancestors Homo erectus to the species Homo sapiens mainly had to do with the addition of the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis in its diet – an event which according to his theory took place in about 100,000 BC (this is when he believed that the species diverged from the Homo genus). He based his theory on the main effects, or alleged effects, produced by the mushroom. One of the effects that comes about from the ingestion of low doses, which agrees with one of scientist Roland Fischer’s findings from the late 1960s-early 1970s, is it significantly improves the visual acuity of humans – so theoretically, of other human-like mammals too. According to McKenna, this effect would have definitely proven to be of evolutionary advantage to humans’ omnivorous hunter-gatherer ancestors that would have stumbled upon it “accidentally”; as it would make it easier for them to hunt.
In higher doses, McKenna claims, the mushroom acts as a sexual stimulator, which would make it even more beneficial evolutionarily, as it would result in more offspring. At even higher doses, the mushroom would have acted to “dissolve boundaries”, which would have promoted community-bonding and group sexual activities-that would result in a mixing of genes and therefore greater genetic diversity. Generally McKenna believed that the periodic ingestion of the mushroom would have acted to dissolve the ego in humans before it ever got the chance to grow in destructive proportions. In this context, he likened the ego to a cancerous tumor that can grow uncontrollable and become destructive to its host. In his own words:
Wherever and whenever the ego function began to form, it was akin to a cancerous tumor or a blockage in the energy of the psyche. The use of psychedelic plants in a context of shamanic initiation dissolved-as it dissolves today-the knotted structure of the ego into undifferentiated feeling, what Eastern philosophy calls the Tao.—Terence McKenna, Food of the Gods
The mushroom, according to McKenna, had also given humans their first truly religious experiences (which, as he believed, were the basis for the foundation of all subsequent religions to date). Another factor that McKenna talked about was the mushroom’s potency to promote linguistic thinking. This would have promoted vocalisation, which in turn would have acted in cleansing the brain (based on a scientific theory that vibrations from speaking cause the precipitation of impurities from the brain to the cerebrospinal fluid), which would further mutate the brain. All these factors according to McKenna were the most important factors that promoted evolution towards the Homo sapiens species. After this transformation took place, the species would have begun moving out of Africa to populate the rest of the planet. Later on, this theory by McKenna was given the name “The ‘Stoned Ape’ Theory of Human Evolution”
3. Sir Richard Branson is an English business mogul, best known for his Virgin Group of more than 400 companies.
His first successful business venture was a magazine called Student at age 16. In 1970, he set up an audio record mail-order business. In 1972, he opened a chain of record stores, Virgin Records, later known as Virgin Megastores. Branson’s Virgin brand grew rapidly during the 1980s, as he set up Virgin Atlantic Airways and expanded the Virgin Records music label.
Branson is the 4th richest citizen of the United Kingdom and 254th richest person in the world, according to the Forbes 2011 list of billionaires, with an estimated net worth of US $4.2 billion
in 2007 he smoked cannabis with his son Sam, a model, during a surfing holiday in Australia. “I went with my son on his gap year. We had some nights where we laughed our heads off for eight hours,” Branson said, adding, .”I don’t think smoking the occasional spliff is all that wrong. I’d rather my son did it in front of me than behind closed doors.” In the interview with Piers Morgan for GQmagazine, the entrepreneur also admitted trying cocaine and ecstasy.
Reportedly worth £5 billion, Branson says Rolling Stone Keith Richards was the “first person to teach me to roll a joint.” He said he had not tried the mythic super-strong “skunk” cannabis and insisted cannabis was okay “in moderation.” Branson is pro-hemp, and recently offered a cash prize for anyone who can come up with a carbon sequestering technology for his airline. Branson was among 100 prominent people who signed a public declaration in favor of the decriminalization of cannabis. They also included former Beatle Sir Paul McCartney, Body Shop founder Anita Roddick, and playwright Harold Pinter.
In 2001 Branson said that he would sell legalized cannabis in his Virgin stores but not tobacco because it is too dangerous. When asked about cannabis on a BBC2 interview he said: “I personally think it should be legalized. I think it’s wrong that 100,000 young people have criminal records every year for doing something which is no worse than their parents are doing every night—drinking alcohol.”
Branson recounts trying pot and LSD in his book, Losing My Virginity, but says he’s done drugs only “rarely.” In one instance, he took a joint so as not to appear ungrateful to the host who proffered it, and found out the next day that Dire Straits signed with another label.
4. Timothy Leary (October 22, 1920 – May 31, 1996) was an American psychologist and writer, known for his advocacy of psychedelic drugs. During a time when drugs like LSD and psilocybin were legal, Leary conducted experiments at Harvard University under the Harvard Psilocybin Project, resulting in the Concord Prison Experiment and the Marsh Chapel Experiment. Both studies produced useful data, but Leary and his associate Richard Alpert were fired from the university.
Leary believed LSD showed therapeutic potential for use in psychiatry. He popularized catchphrases that promoted his philosophy, such as “turn on, tune in, drop out“, “set and setting”, and “think for yourself and question authority”. He also wrote and spoke frequently about transhumanist concepts involving space migration, intelligence increase and life extension (SMI²LE), and he developed the eight-circuit model of consciousness in his book Exo-Psychology (1977).
During the 1960s and 1970s, Leary was arrested regularly and was held captive in 29 different prisons throughout the world. President Richard Nixon once described Leary as “the most dangerous man in America”.
Leary is often considered one of the most prominent figures during the counterculture of the 1960s, and since those times has remained incredibly influential on pop culture, literature, television, film; and especially music.
Timothy Leary’s ideas heavily influenced the work of Robert Anton Wilson. This influence went both ways and Leary admittedly took just as much from Wilson. Wilson’s book Prometheus Rising was an in depth, highly detailed and inclusive work documenting Leary’s eight circuit model of consciousness. Although the theory originated in discussions between Leary and a Hindu holy man at Millbrook, Wilson was one of the most ardent proponents of it and introduced the theory to a mainstream audience in 1977′s bestselling Cosmic Trigger. In 1989, they appeared together on stage in a dialog entitled The Inner Frontierin Cleveland, Ohio hosted by the Association for Consciousness Exploration,(the same group that had hosted Leary’s first Cleveland appearance in 1979). Wilson and Leary conversed a great deal on philosophical, political and futurist matters and became close friends who remained in contact through Leary’s time in prison and up until his death. Wilson regarded Leary as a brilliant man and often is quoted as saying (paraphrase) “Leary had a great deal of ‘hilaritas’, the type of cheer and good humour by which it was said you could recognise a deity”.
Owsley Stanley, one of the pioneers of the era, would later write of him:
Leary was a fool. Drunk with “celebrity-hood” and his own ego, he became a media clown—and was arguably the single most damaging actor involved in the destruction of the evanescent social movement of the ’60s. Tim, with his very public exhortations to the kids to “tune in, turn on and drop out”, is the inspiration for all the current draconian US drug laws against psychedelics. He would not listen to any of us when we asked him to please cool it, he loved the limelight and relished his notoriety… I was not a fan of his.
Author and Merry Prankster Ken Kesey remained a supporter and admirer of Leary throughout his career,
World religion scholar Huston Smith was turned on by Leary after the two were introduced to one another by Aldous Huxley in the early 1960s. The experience was interpreted as deeply religious by Smith, and is captured in detailed religious terms in Smith’s later work Cleansing of the Doors of Perception. This was Smith’s one and only entheogenic experience, at the end of which he asked Leary, to paraphrase, if Leary knew the power and danger of that with which he was conducting research. In Mother Jones Magazine, 1997, Smith commented:
First, I have to say that during the three years I was involved with that Harvard study, LSD was not only legal but respectable. Before Tim went on his unfortunate careening course, it was a legitimate research project. Though I did find evidence that, when recounted, the experiences of the Harvard group and those of mystics were impossible to tell apart—descriptively indistinguishable—that’s not the last word. There is still a question about the truth of the disclosure.
The slogan, “Turn on, tune in, drop out”, signified a conceptual way of thinking wherein a person would turn on to their own way of thinking, tune in to themselves, and drop out of society. This constituted a concept of inward self reliance.
5. George Washington: Yeah, that’s right, the first recorded President of the United States. It is not known whether Washing smoked it or not, but he did cultivate the plant.
Washington’s diary reports that he separated males from females in his hemp garden, “rather too late.” Much speculation has ensued about whether or not Washington’s reason for sexing his plants was to make a more smokable product. One thing is for sure: hemp was grown in the US colonies as far back as Jamestown, with several colonies ordering their farmers to grow it. Thomas Paines’s pamphlet Common Sense lists hemp as the first requirement for revolution, writing that in the colonies “hemp flourishes almost to rankness.” Thomas Jefferson also grew hemp on his plantation and went to great lengths to smuggle hemp seeds out of China. Jared Eliot wrote, “I am informed by my worthy friend Benjamin Franklin, Esq., of Philadelphia, that they raise hemp upon their drained lands.
December 24, 2011 11 Comments
Step 1. Smoke a joint.
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December 22, 2011 2 Comments
- 1-2 ounces of marijuana (buds, stems, trimmings, or roots)
- 16 ounces of coconut oil
- 1 ounce beeswax
- 1 tablespoon of vitamin-E oil
- 1 large pyrex baking dish
- 1 Large measuring cup
- 1 Measuring cup set
- 1 silicone mixer scraper (any thing used for stirring will work here, a spatula, a spoon, etc. as long as its not electric. Silicone is non-stick though)
- 1 saucepan
- 1 Piece of cheese cloth or a few paper coffee filters (coffee filters are cheaper but just as effective)
- A container of your choice or multiple small on the go containers
1. Measure 2 cups of coconut oil (all 16 ounces) and pour into your first saucepan, Turn the heat on very low and let it melt down. (Alternatively, you can melt the oil in the microwave first, and then pour into your pan)
2. Preheat your oven to 200 degrees
3. Grind up your marijuana (The marijuana doesn’t need to be ground down to a powder, a rough chop, or few spins in a food processor will do. You will have to strain this later.)
4. Measure out 2 cups of your ground up marijuana and pour them into a pyrex baking dish and bake in the oven for 10 minutes. (you want the bud to be crispy, not burnt)
5. Remove from oven and pour the marijuana contents of the pyrex dish into the saucepan that contains the melted coconut oil.
6. Allow this mixture to simmer for 1-2 hours, the longer the time the better the results. Make sure to stir the mixture every ten minutes or so, and DO NOT BOIL the mixture.
7. Strain the marijuana oil mix through your cheesecloth or paper coffee filters into a large measuring cup and clean your saucepan. (If you get chunks of weed in your oil, restrain it until the oil is chunk free)
8. Now measure out 1oz of bees-wax and pour into your newly cleaned saucepan and begin melting on low.
9. Measure out 5oz (almost 2/3 cup) of the cannabis coconut oil and pour it into the saucepan containing the melted bees-wax. Continue to simmer not boil and mix well.
10. Remove it from heat once its mixed well, shouldn’t take too long, and quickly stir in the 1 tablespoon of Vitamin-E oil.
OPTIONAL STEP 10.5. If you want to add fragrant oils, or other healing oils, now is the time, make sure to quickly stir them in along with the Vitamin-E oil.
11. Pour Your liquid cannabis salve into your storage container or containers and allow the mixture to cool and harden completely. You can place it in the refrigerator, but don’t freeze it.
Whether your skin is in need of a boost of moisture, or you suffer from chronic muscle and joint pain, or you want to try it as a home remedy for other skin problems, this salve has you covered.
Once it’s hardened, you just rub it onto the afflicted area. You’ll notice an immediate relief upon using the salve. Though the effects can be felt throughout the day, it’s best to reapply every 6 hours to 8 hours if you suffer from moderate pain. Two weeks of regular daily applications is all it takes to notice a considerable difference.